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Much of China’s modern beliefs and philosophies are based on the teachings of a government official who lived nearly 3,000 years ago – Kongfuzi, also known as Confucius.

He taught people the value of things such as morality, kindness and education.

Join in the celebrations here at National Geographic Kids with these cool facts about China, from its ancient empire to the modern day…

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14) Temperatures in China”s Turpan Depression can range from 49°C in summer to -29°C in winter.

15) Asiatic golden cats in the country’s south sometimes communicate by spitting.

Take a look at these super-impressive statues in the video, below!

29) Dogs get special treats on one day of the Chinese New Year celebration.

China’s diverse habitats are home to hundreds of species of animals and plants.

More than 3,800 species of fish and hundreds of amphibians and reptile species live in the rivers, lakes and coastal waters.

23) China’s Leshan Giant Buddha, a gigantic stone statue, has 5.5-m-long eyebrows! 25) Many Chinese emperors considered themselves to be descendants of dragons.

26) The word “ketchup” may come from a Chinese word for pickled-fish sauce. 28) It took around 37 years to make the Terracotta Army, a set of around 8,000 clay soldiers built in Xi’an to guard an Emperor’s tomb.

12) The mortar used to bind the Great Wall’s stones was made with sticky rice!

13) 7th-century Emperor Tang of Shang had 94 ‘ice men’ who made him ice-cream.

OFFICIAL NAME: People”s Republic of China Stretching 5,000 kilometres from east to west and 5,500 kilometres from north to south, China is one seriously huge country!