Late evening temperatures can sometimes stay around 35 °C (95 °F) until close to midnight, with daytime highs of over 40 °C (104 °F) common.Seville also has the highest average annual temperature in mainland Spain and mainland Europe (19.2 °C), closely followed by Almería (19.1 °C). The Kingdoms of Jaén, Córdoba and Seville are collectively referred to under the name Andalucía, while the Kingdom of Granada appears under its individual name.The lyrics appeal to the Andalusians to mobilize and demand tierra y libertad ("land and liberty") by way of agrarian reform and a statute of autonomy within Spain.
Still, the reconquest and repopulation of Granada was accomplished largely by people from the three preexisting Christian kingdoms of Andalusia, and Granada came to be considered a fourth kingdom of Andalusia.
The Andalusian coat of arms shows the figure of Hercules and two lions between the two pillars of Hercules that tradition situates on either side of the Strait of Gibraltar.
It is the most populous and the second largest in area of the autonomous communities in the country.
The Andalusian autonomous community is officially recognised as a "historical nationality".
Blas Infante considered these to have been the colors most used in regional symbols throughout the region's history.
According to him, the green came in particular from the standard of the Umayyad Caliphate and represented the call for a gathering of the populace.
and approved in the Assembly of Ronda (a 1918 gathering of Andalusian nationalists at Ronda).
The green symbolizes hope and union, and the white symbolizes peace and dialogue.
In the north, the Sierra Morena separates Andalusia from the plains of Extremadura and Castile–La Mancha on Spain's Meseta Central.
To the south the geographic subregion of Upper Andalusia lies mostly within the Baetic System, while Lower Andalusia is in the Baetic Depression of the valley of the Guadalquivir.
The white symbolized pardon in the Almohad dynasty, interpreted in European heraldry as parliament or peace.